1) The sign of Allah’s Prophet Saalih (alayhi sallam)
The Prophet Saalih called his people to worship Allah the One, the Unique:
"And indeed We sent to Thamood their brother Saalih [Saleh], saying: ‘Worship Allah [Alone and none else]...’" ( Qur’an 27: 45)
But they disbelieved in him and demanded of him a sign to prove that he was telling the truth:
"They said: ‘You are only of those bewitched! You are but a human being like us. Then bring us a sign if you are of the truthful.’"(Qur’an 26: 153-154)
Ibn Katheer said: “The mufassireen (Exegetes) stated that Thamood gathered together one day in their meeting-place, and the Messenger of Allah Saalih came to them and called them to Allah. He reminded them, warned them, preached to them and exhorted them. They said to him, ‘If you can bring forth to us from this rock’ - and they pointed to a rock there - a she-camel, with such-and-such features’ - and they demanded features which are rarely found in camels, including the demand that it should be ten months pregnant. Their Prophet Saalih said to them, ‘If I respond to your demand in the manner that you want, will you believe in what I have brought to you and in the message with which I have been sent?’ They said, ‘Yes.’ So he made them promise, then he went to his prayer-place and prayed for as long as Allah willed he should pray. Then he petitioned his Lord, asking Him to respond to their request. Allah commanded that rock to split, revealing a huge she-camel which was ten months pregnant, just as they had asked for. When they saw it with their own eyes, they saw a great miracle, a dazzling sign and definitive proof. Many of them believed, but most of them persisted in their kufr.[Al-Bidaayah wan-Nihaayah, 1/134.] Allah stated that He responded to their demand for a sign:
"He said: ‘Here is a she-camel: it has a right to drink [water], and you have a right to drink [water] [each] on a day, known."(Qur’an 26: 155)
2) The miracle of the Prophet Ibraaheem (Abraham) (alayhi sallam)
The Prophet Ibraaheem (Abraham) smashed the idols of his people which they used to worship, and they built the fire and threw him in.
But Allah commanded the fire not to harm him: "They said: ‘Bum him and help your aalihah [gods], if you will be doing.’ We [Allah] said: ‘O’ fire! Be you coolness and safety for Ibraaheem [Abraham]!’ And they wanted to harm him, but We made them the worst losers."(Qur’an 21: 68-70)
Another of the signs which happened at the hands of Prophet Ibraaheem was the raising of the dead. Allah tells us the stoiy of that:
"And [remember] when Ibraaheem [Abraham] said, ‘My Lord! Show me how You give life to the dead.’ He [Allah] said: ‘Do you not believe?’ He [Ibraaheem (Abraham)] said: ‘Yes [I believe], but to be stronger in Faith.’ He said: ‘Take four birds, then cause them to incline towards you [then slaughter them, cut them into pieces], and then put a portion of them on every hill, and call them, they will come to you in haste’..."(Qur’an 2: 260)
So Allah commanded him to slaughter those birds, then to cut them into pieces, and scatter them across a number of hills, then to call them. The scattered pieces came back together, and were as they had been before, then life came back to them and they flew up into the air. Glory be to Allah, how great He is...
3) The signs of Allah’s Prophet Moosa (Moses) (alayhi sallam)
Allah gave the Prophet Moosa nine clear signs:
"And indeed We gave Moosa [Moses] nine clear signs..." (Qur’an 17: 101)
1) The greatest of these signs was the stick which changed into a huge snake when he threw it onto the ground:
"‘And what is that in your right hand, O’ Moosa [Moses]?’ He said: ‘This is my stick, whereon I lean, and wherewith I beat down branches for my sheep, and wherein I find other uses.’ [Allah] said: ‘Cast it down, O’ Moosa [Moses]!’ He cast it down, and behold! It was a snake, moving quickly. Allah said: ‘Grasp it and fear not; We shall return it to its former state."(Qur’an 20: 17-21)
This stick swallowed the dozens of ropes and sticks which the sorcerers of Pharaoh brought to compete with the Prophet Moosa:
"They said: ‘O’ Moosa [Moses]! Either you throw first or we be the first to throw?’ [Moosa (Moses)] said: ‘Nay, throw you [first]!’ Then behold! their ropes and their sticks, by their magic, appeared to him as though they moved fast. So Moosa [Moses] conceived fear in
himself. We [Allah] said: ‘Fear not! Surely, you will have the upper hand. And throw that which is in your right hand! It will swallow up that which they have made. That which they have made is only a magician’s trick, and the magician will never be successful, to
whatever amount [of skill] he may attain.’"(Qur’an 20: 65-69)
When the sorcerers saw with their own eyes what the snake of Moosa did, they knew that this was not the action of a human being, rather it was the action of Allah, the Creator of man. They could not help but fall down before all the people, prostrating to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds:
"So the magicians fell down prostrate. They said: ‘We believe in the Lord of Haaroon [Aaron] and Moosa [Moses]. ’"(Qur'an 20: 70)
2) Another of the signs with which Prophet Moosa (Moses) was sent was that which Allah mentioned in the aayah (verse):
"And press your [right] hand to your [left] side: it will come forth white [and shining], without any disease as another sign."(Qur’an 20: 22)
He would put his hand into the sleeve of his garment, and it would be shining white like the moon, but with no disease, i.e., no leprosy or vitiligo alba (i.e., skin diseases which turn the skin white).
Allah mentions seven signs in Soorah al-A ‘raaf the 7th chapter of the Qur’an, where He mentions that He inflicted upon them:
3) The years of drought and famine, caused by low water levels in the Nile and the withholding of rain from the land of Egypt.
4) Shortness of crops, whereby the land withheld its goodness, and what was produced was affected by stunted growth, etc.
5) The flood which inundated the fields and destroyed cities and villages.
6) The locusts which did not leave anything green or dry but they devoured it.
7) The lice, insects which caused physical harm to people.
8) The frogs which made their lives a misery because there were so many of them.
9) The blood which affected their food and drink.
"And indeed We punished the people of Fir ‘awn [Pharaoh] with years of drought and shortness of fruits [crops], that they might remember [take heed]. But whenever good came to them, they said: ‘Ours is this.’ And if evil afflicted them, they ascribed it to evil omens connected with Moosa [Moses] and those with him. Be informed! Verily, their evil omens are with Allah but most of them know not. They said [to Moosa (Moses)]: ‘Whatever Aayaat [proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.] you may bring to us, to work therewith your sorcery on us, we shall never believe in you.’ So We sent on them: the flood, the locusts, the lice, the frogs, and the blood [as a succession of] manifest signs, yet they remained arrogant, and they were of those people who were Mujrimoon [criminals, polytheists and sinners]."(Qur’an 7: 130-133)
These are the nine signs with which Prophet Moosa (Moses) was sent to Pharaoh. But there were many more miracles which Allah caused to happen at the hands of Moosa, such as when Moosa struck the sea with his stick and it parted, and when he struck the rock and twelve springs flowed forth from it, and when the manna and quails came down to the Children of Israel in the desert of Sinai, and other signs.
4) The miracles of Allah’s Prophet ‘Eesa (Jesus) (alayhi sallam)
Among the miracles which Allah has told us about is that he (‘Eesa) used to fashion something resembling a bird out of clay, then he would breathe into it and it would become a bird by the will and decree of Allah. He would touch the blind and he would be healed, by the will of Allah; he would touch the leper and Allah would take away his leprosy; he would pass by the dead and call to them, and Allah would bring them back to life. The Qur’an tells us this in the words in which Allah addresses ‘Eesa (Jesus):
"And when you made out of the clay, a figure like that of a bird, by My Permission, and you breathed into it, and it became a bird by My Permission, and you healed those bom blind, and the lepers by My Permission, and when you brought forth the dead by My Permission."(Qur’an 5: 110)
And among his signs is that table which Allah sent down from heaven, when the Disciples asked Prophet ‘Eesa to bring it down, and it was as ‘Eesa had asked for it, a festival for the first and the last of them.
"[Remember] when Al-Hawaariyoon [the disciples] said: ‘O’ ‘Eesa [Jesus], son of Maryam [Mary]! Can your Lord send down to us a table spread [with food] from heaven?’ ‘Eesa [Jesus] said: ‘Fear Allah, if you are indeed believers.’ They said: ‘We wish to eat thereof and to satisfy our hearts [to be stronger in Faith], and to know that you have indeed told us the truth and that we ourselves be its witnesses.’ ‘Eesa [Jesus], son of Maryam [Mary], said: ‘O’ Allah, our Lord! Send us from the heaven a table spread [with food] that there may be for us - for the first and the last of us - a festival and a sign from You; and provide us with sustenance, for You are the Best of sustainers.’ Allah said, ‘I am going to send it down unto you, but if any of you after that disbelieves, then I will punish him with a torment such as I have not inflicted on anyone among [all] the Aalameen [mankind and jinn ].’" (Qur’an 5: 112-115)
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