Ibn al-Qayyim continued:
“...Hence, the handiwork (of Allaah) is amongst the things that give the clearest of evidences to His Attributes and to the truthfulness of that which the Messengers informed about him. The handiwork of Allaah bears testimony to the truthfulness of the signs (aayaat ) that are heard and indicate the [appropriateness and correctness] of seeking evidence in the signs in the handiwork (of Allaah).
The Exalted said, “We will show them Our Signs in the universe, and in their ownselves, until it becomes manifest to them that this (the Qur'an) is the truth”. (Fussilat 41:53)
Meaning that the Qur’aan is the truth. So he has informed that He will surely show them from the signs that are observed and witnessed what will make clear to them that His signs (verses) which are recited are true...” End of excerpt from Ibn al-Qayyim.
Just like the intellect points to the existence of an Originator and Creator, then the truth of the information brought by the Messengers (concerning the Creator) is known by what the sound intellect and fitrah arrives at of knowledge of the Creator and the obligation to
submit to Him by way of observation and reflection. This is why a fair portion of the Qur’aan contains a description of some of the great natural phenomena and calls for deep reflection and contemplation over these signs. Themes such as the origins of the universe,
cloud formation and rain, the development of the human embryo, the mountains and their role, the formation of night and day, the rotation and spherical nature of the earth, and much more are touched upon.
And with the passing of time, as humankind advances in knowledge and its capability of studying what is around it in the natural world, the signs of Allaah in the creation, in the heavens and in the earth are uncovered and realised and understood - all of which direct to Him and His Creatorship and His Uloohiyyah. It is for this reason that Allaah summon people of understanding to reflect and pay heed, “Verily! In the creation of the heavens and the earth, and in the alternation of night and day, there are indeed signs for men of understanding.” (Aali Imran 3:190), “And among His Signs is the sleep that you take by night and by day, and your seeking of His Bounty. Verily, in that are indeed signs for a people who listen.” (Ar-Rum 30:23). “Have they not looked at the heaven above them, how We have made it and adorned it, and there are no rifts in it? And the earth! We have spread it out, and set thereon mountains standing firm, and have produced therein every kind of lovely growth (plants). An insight and a Reminder for every slave turning to Allah (i.e. the one who believes in Allah and performs deeds of His obedience, and always begs His pardon). And We send down blessed water (rain) from the sky, then We produce therewith gardens and grain (every kind of harvests) that are reaped.” (Qaf 50:6-9).
And all of this knowledge points to the correctness of that which the Messengers brought, namely the belief in one supreme Creator (Rabb) and Deity (object of worship, Ilaah), who brought into existence the creation, not in mere idle-play or for a pastime, but for a
purpose . For, if the smallest of cells has its place and a designated purpose, and even the most basic of human-manufactured objects has a purpose, then it is but foolishness that humankind itself does not have a purpose and an end-goal.
“And We created not the heavens and the earth, and all that is between them, for mere play.” (Ad-Dukhan 44:38). “Did you think that We had created you in play (without any purpose), and that you would not be brought back to Us?” (Al-Mu'minun 23:115). “Do they not think deeply (in their ownselves) about themselves (how Allah created them from nothing, and similarly He will resurrect them)? Allah has created not the heavens and the earth, and all that is between them, except with truth and for an appointed term. And indeed many of mankind deny the Meeting with their Lord.” (Ar-Rum 30:8). “And We created not the heaven and the earth and all that is between them without purpose! That is the consideration of those who disbelieve! Then woe to those who disbelieve (in Islamic Monotheism) from the Fire!” (Sad 38:27).
Ibn Al-Qayyim (rahimahullaah) says: “So it is not befitting for Him (Allaah) to leave His servants without a purpose, neglected; without teaching them what will benefit or harm them in their daily lives and in the Hereafter. This would be an injustice to His Ruboobiyyah?and ascribing to the Exalted Lord that which does not befit Him”. [Al-Madaarij us-Saalikeen of Ibn al Qayyim (1/31)]
[Ruboobiyyah: A term denoting the absolute sovereignty and kingship of the Originator and Creator, Allaah over the heavens and the earth and whatever is between them. The verb ‘rabba’ (and the noun rabb, translated as Lord) is derived from it, meaning: ‘to nurture, to bring to fruition, to create, own and regulate, control and bring together all the elements necessary for the existence and well being of something or somebody’. It has three aspects to it: Khalq (creativity): Allaah by Himself makes everything from nothing; Mulk (possession): Allaah, by Himself owns everything; and Amr (administration): Allaah by Himself, controls, directs everything that He creates and all that He owns. Some of the proofs for these are:
He (Allaah) has the creation and His is the command and administration . Blessed be Allaah the Rabb of all the worlds [A’raaf 7:54]
Allaah is your Rabb. He owns everything and those whom you call upon besides Him do not own even the white stringy-strand on a date-stone (such a minute possession)[Faatir 35:13]
Some of Allaah’s Names are related to His Ruboobiyyah and are more specific than the name ar- Rabb. For example: ar-Razzaaq (the Provider), al-Muhyee (the One Who Gives Life). Likewise their are certain actions which are related to His Ruboobiyyah and are more specific than the name ar- Rabb. For example: sending down the rain, splitting the seed, giving someone honour or lowering
someone, guiding and misguiding etc.]
He also says: “Whoever gives the name Ar-Rahmaan (The Most-Merciful) its due right knows that it necessitates the sending of messengers and revealing of books greater than it necessitates sending of the rain, causing the herbage to grow and bringing out the seed (from the ground). (Mankind’s) dependence upon Allaah’s Mercy for that from which life is obtained by the hearts is greater than (mankinds) dependence upon Allaah’s Mercy for that by which the bodies obtain life”. [Ibid. (1/32)]
And this is why in the signs of Allaah that are observed and witnessed there is an indication of the truth of what is called to by the signs of Allaah that are heard and recited - that is an acknowledgement of the Originator and Creator, His Names and Attributes
and His right to be thanked and worshipped - in its comprehensive sense - with the heart, tongue and limbs - and the shunning of all what is worshipped besides him of tangible and abstract entities. And this is the Tawheed that the Messengers called to, and for which the Books were revealed.
“O mankind! Worship your Lord (Allah), Who created you and those who were before you so that you may become pious. Who has made the earth a resting place for you, and the sky as a canopy, and sent down water (rain) from the sky and brought forth therewith fruits as a provision for you. Then do not set up rivals unto Allah (in worship) while you know (that He Alone has the right to be worshipped). And if you (Arab pagans, Jews, and Christians) are in doubt concerning that which We have sent down (i.e. the Qur'an) to Our slave (Muhammad Peace be upon him ), then produce a Surah (chapter) of the like thereof and call your witnesses (supporters and helpers) besides Allah, if you are truthful. But if you do it not, and you can never do it, then fear the Fire (Hell) whose fuel is men and stones, prepared for the disbelievers.” (Al-Baqarah 2:21-24)
And this is the purpose and objective for which mankind was created, not the mere belief in a overall supreme Creator, but the singling out of the Creator, Allaah Most High, with all forms of worship, whether the actions of the heart (love, fear, hope, apprehension, reliance etc.), those of the tongue (remembrance, supplication) and those of the limbs (prayer, sacrifice etc.). And it is for this reason that the signs of Allaah that are observed and witnessed are evidence against the Pagans and the Disbelieving Jews and Christians and not an evidence for them in their affirmation of a Creator.
Ibn Kathir said concerning the verse, “Do they not look in the dominion of the heavens and the earth and all things that Allah has created, and that it may be that the end of their lives is near. In what message after this will they then believe?” (Al-A'raf 7:185), “[Meaning], do they not look at those who reject our signs in the dominion of Allaah and His ownership and control over the heavens and the earth and in whatever He has created so that they may reflect upon that, ponder over it and come to know that He is the one who has no equal, or like, and that it is the work of the One besides whom none is worthy of worship and sincere devotion . So as a result of this they may believe in Him, believe in His Messenger and repent and return to His obedience and abandon the various rivals (in worship) and idols and that they may beware that their final time has come ever near and that they might die and perish upon their disbelief, and so they advance to the punishment of Allaah and the severity of His chastisement.”
And this is what is desired from the signs of Allaah that are witnessed and observed, not what is desired by the various innovatory methodologies that have arisen and which but seek common platforms between the Muslims and the Disbelieving Heretics from the
Jews, Chrisitans and others, by simply affirming that there is a Creator...
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