of the two testimonies
Source :-'Aqeedah at-Tawheed' by Shaikh Saleh ibn Fawzan ibn Abdullah al-Fawzan
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La ilaha illAllah is to believe and affirm that no one deserves worship
except Allah, holding on to it and acting in accordancewith it. 'La ilah'
is negating that anybody has the right to be worshiped except Allah,
whoever it might be. 'IllAllah' is affirming the Right of Allah Alone to
be worshiped. So, the complete meaning of the statement is 'La
Ma'bood BiHaqqin illAllah', 'there is no deity truly worthy of being
worshiped except Allah.' The word La (there is none), must
accompany BiHaqqin (truly worthy of) and it is not permissible to use
the word, 'Mawjood' (existing) because it is against reality. There are
many deities worshiped other than Allah and (saying, 'La Ma'bood
Mawjood illAllah') implies that worship of all these deities is worship
of Allah and this is the most false statement and it is the Madhhab
(position) of the people of Wahdat al-Wujood (pantheism), who are
the most deviant people on the face of the earth. This statement (i.e.
the first testimony) has been explained with numerous deviant
interpretations, from them are:
1. La Ma'bood illAllah (there is no deity in existence except
Allah). This is the most deviant interpretation because it
means that every true and false deity is Allah as has been
2. La Khaliq illAllah (there is no Creator except Allah). This is
only a part of the meaning of the statement, but this is not the
intent as it only confirms Tawheed ar-Rububiyah, which is
not enough (to enter Islam) and is the Tawheed of the
Mushrikeen (those who affirm Allah’s Lordship but worship
others besides Him).
3. La Hakimiyah illAllah (there is no judgment except for Allah).
This is also only a part of the meaning of the statement and is
not the intent because it is not enough. Because if one singles
out Allah for judgment only and invokes other than Allah,
then he has dedicated a form of worship to other than Allah
and thus, he is not a muwahhid (one who declares and
establishes Tawheed in its correct manner).
All these interpretations are false and incomplete, and we have
mentioned them here because they are found in some contemporary
books. The correct meaning of the statement according to the Salaf as
mentioned before is to say, 'La Ma'bood BiHaqqin illAllah' (there is no
deity truly worthy of being worshiped except Allah).
The Meaning of the testimony, Muhammadar-Rasoolullah.
It is to affirm inwardly and outwardly that he is a slave
of Allah and His Messenger to all people, and to act in accordance to
it's requirements which are:
a) Obedience to the Prophet in everything that he orders
b) Believing in everything he has informed us about
c) Refraining from everything that he has prohibited
d) Not to worship Allah except in the way he has
of the two testimonies
The Conditions of La ilaha illAllah
La ilaha illAllah has seven conditions. The testification does not
benefit him, who (merely) utters the testification - unless he
fulfils all seven conditions;
1. Knowledge that negates ignorance
2. Certainty that negates doubt
3. Acceptance that negates rejection
4. Submission that negates abandonment
5. Sincerity that negates Shirk
6. Truthfulness that negates falsehood (hypocrisy)
7. Love that negates hatred
The detailed explanation of these seven conditions is as follows:
1. Al-Ilm – Knowledge :-
Knowledge of the meaning of the
testification and its intent. For example, what the testimony negates
and what it affirms - a knowledge that negates ignorance. Allah says,
“except those who bearwitness to the truth, and they know...” [Soorah
az-Zukhruf (43): 86]
‘thosewhobearwitness,' means theywitness, 'La ilaha illAllah,’
'and they know,' by their hearts what they witnessed by their
tongues. So, he who utters it but does not have the knowledge of it,
then the testimony will not benefit him, because he did not believe in
the intent of testification.
2. Al-Yaqeen – Certainty :-
One who testifies should be
certain about the meaning of the testification because if one doubts
then the testimony will not benefit him. Allah says, “Only those are
the believers who have believed in Allah and His Messenger, and
afterward doubt not...” [Soorah al-Hujurat (49): 15]
So, if he doubts, then he is a hypocrite. Allah's Messenger said,
“Whoever you meet behind this wall testifying 'La ilaha illAllah,' with
certainty in his heart, then give him the glad tiding of Jannah.”
[Saheeh al-Bukharee] Thus, he who does not have certainty in his
heart does not deserve to enter Jannah.
3. Al-Qubool – Acceptance :-
Acceptance of what the
testimony necessitates like, worshiping Allah alone, and abandoning
the worship of other than him. He, who utters the testimony but does
not accept it and does not adhere to it, then he is from among those
regarding whom Allah says, 'Truly, when it was said to them, 'La ilaha
ill-Allah', they puffed themselves up with pride (i.e. denied it). And
(they) said, 'Are we going to abandon our aaliha (false gods) for the
sake of a mad poet? [Soorah as-Saffat (37): 35-36] This is the
situation of the grave-worshipers of today; they say, 'La ilaha illAllah,'
but do not refrain from worship of the graves and thus, they are not
accepting the meaning of, 'La ilaha illAllah.'
4. Al-Inqiyad – Submission :-
Submitting to what the
testimony indicates. Allah says, “Whosoever submits his face
(himself) to Allah, while he is a Muhsin (doer of good) then he has
grasped the most trustworthy handhold...” [Soorah Luqmaan
(31):22] The most trustworthy handhold is, 'La ilaha illAllah,' and the
meaning of, 'submits his face,' is sincere submission to Allah.
5. As-Sidq – Truthfulness :-
To witness the testimony
with truthfulness in one's heart. He, who utters the testimony while
his heart is not certain about its truthfulness is a lying hypocrite.
Allah says, “and of mankind, there are some (hypocrites) who say,
'We believe in Allah and the Last Day' while in fact, they believe not.
They (think to) deceive Allah and those who believe, while they only
deceive themselves, and perceive (it) not! In their hearts is a disease
(of doubt and hypocrisy) and Allah has increased their disease. A
painful torment is theirs because they used to lie.” [Soorah al-Baqarah
6. Ikhlas – Sincerity :-
It is purification of the action from all
blemishes of Shirk, such that one does not utter it for the pleasures of
the world, riyaa (showing off) or fame as is known from the authentic
Hadeeth, “Allah has prohibited the Fire for the one, who says, 'La ilaha
illAllah' seeking by it, the face of Allah.” [Agreed upon]
7. Muhabbah – Love :-
Love for the testimony, its intent and
those who act upon its prerequisites. Allah says, “And of mankind are
some who take (for worship) others besides Allah as rivals (to Allah).
They love them as they love Allah. But those who believe love Allah
more (than anything else).” [Soorah al-Baqarah (2):165] So, the
people of, 'La ilaha illAllah' love Allah with sincere love while the
people of Shirk love Him and others besides Him and this negates the
prerequisites of La ilaha illAllah.
1. Affirming his Prophethood and having faith in it within the
2. Verbally declaring it and affirming it outwardly through the
3. Following him by acting upon the truth he came with, and
refraining from the evil that he has forbidden.
4. Believing in what he has informed about - from the unseen of
the past and the future.
5. Loving him more than one’s self, wealth, children, parents and
the whole of humanity.
6. Giving precedence to his sayings over everybody, and
acting upon his Sunnah.
of the two testimonies
The Prerequisite of 'La ilaha illAllah' is to abandon the worship of all
other deities other than Allah, as we say in our testimony, 'La ilaha,'
and worshiping Allah alone as we say in our testimony, 'illAllah.'
However, many of those who say the testimony contradict its
prerequisites, and affirm the Uluhiyah of the creation; the graves,
tombs, trees and stones, which is negated by Allah. These people
believe that Tawheed is a bidah and reject those who call them to it
and criticize thosewhosincerely worship Allah.
The prerequisite of 'Muhammadar-Rasoolullah' is to follow him,
believe in him, refrain from that which he has forbidden, restrict
one's actions to his Sunnah and leave that which contradicts it from
the newly invented matters, and give precedence to his sayings over
everybody else's sayings.
of the two testimonies
Nullifiers of the two testimonies are the nullifiers of Islam because it
is that one pronounces in order to enter Islam.
Uttering is affirming their intent, and being
steadfast in establishing their prerequisites like fulfilling the rituals
of Islam. If one forsakes this steadfastness then he has invalidated the
pledge he took when he uttered the t .
The nullifiers of Islam are many and the scholars have collected them
in books of Fiqh under the title, 'The Chapter of Riddah (Apostasy).'
However, the most important of them are ten, which have been
mentioned by Shaikhul-Islam Muhammad Ibn Abdul Wahhab
(rahimahullah) (they are the following).
1. Shirk in the worship of Allah. Allah says, “Verily! Allah forgives
not (the sin of) setting up partners in worship with Him, but
He forgives whom he pleases - sins other than that...”
[Soorah an-Nisa (4): 116] and, “Verily, whosoever sets up
partners in worship with Allah, then Allah has forbidden
Paradise for him, and the Fire will be his abode. And for the
Zalimoon (polytheists and wrongdoers) there are no
helpers.” [Soorah al-Maida (5): 72] and it includes sacrificing
for other than Allah, like tombs and jinn.
2. Setting up intercessors between oneself and Allah, invoking
them, asking them for intercession and relying upon them.
Onewhodoes this is considered by consensus
the two testimonies
the two testimonies
3. He who does not declare the Mushrikeen (those who
associate partners in worship with Allah) to be disbelievers,
or doubts their disbelief, or approves their Madhhab (faith,
creed) has disbelieved (in Allah).
4. Believing that the guidance of someone other than the
Prophet is more complete than his guidance, or that the
ruling of other than him is better, like those who prefer the
ruling of the tawagheet (pl. of Taghoot meaning things
worshiped other than Allah) over the ruling of Allah's
Messenger and they prefer manmade laws to Islam.
5. He, who hates something from that which the Messenger
camewith, has disbelieved, even if he was acting upon it.
6. He, who mocks at something from the Religion of the
Messenger, its rewards or punishments, has disbelieved. The
proof of this is the Saying of Allah, “Say, 'Was it at Allah, and
His Ayat and His Messenger that you were mocking? Make
no excuse, you have disbelieved after you had believed.”
[Soorah Tawbah (9): 65-66]
7. Magic. From the types of magic is that which causes unity and
disunity among people (like causing separation of the
husband from his wife or causing him to love her). He, who
does this or is pleased with it, has disbelieved. The proof is
the Saying of Allah, “...but neither of these two (angels) taught
anyone (such things) until they had said, 'We are only for
trial, so disbelieve not (by learning this magic from us).'”
[Soorah al-Baqarah (2): 102]
8. Aiding and cooperating with the Mushrikeen (disbelievers)
against the Muslims. The proof is the Saying of Allah, “If any
amongst you takes them as Awliya, then surely he is one of
them. Verily, Allah guides not those people who are the
Dhalimoon (polytheist and wrongdoers and unjust).” [Soorah
al-Maidah (5): 51]
9. He, who believes that some people can be excused from the
Sharee'ah of Muhammad , just like Khidr was not liable
to the Sharee'ah of Moosa , is a disbeliever.
I (i.e., Shaikh Saleh al-Fawzan) say, 'this is just like what the
extremist Sufis believe that they reach a stage (through their
piety), where they are not in need of following the Messenger
10. Turning away from the religion of Allah, neither learning it,
nor acting upon it. The proof is the Saying of Allah, 'But those
who disbelieve, turn away from that whereof they are
warned.” [Soorah al-Ahqaf (46): 3] “And who does more
wrong than he, who is reminded of the Ayaat (proofs,
evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) of his Lord,
then he turns aside therefrom? Verily, We shall exact
retribution from the Mujrimoon (criminals, disbelievers,
polytheist, sinners, etc.).” [Soorah as-Sajdah (32): 22]
Shaikhul-Islam Muhammad Ibn Abdul Wahhab (rahimahullah)
“There is no difference if one does any of them (the above
nullifiers) jokingly, seriously or in fear, except under
force. They are all very dangerous and most likely to
happen. So, it is necessary for a Muslim to be aware of
them, and fear them for himself. And we seek Allah's
protection from that which brings about His Anger and
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