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The Virtues Of First 10 days of Dhul Hajj

The first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah are the best and most virtuous days of the year. They are the days in which Allaah the Mighty and Majestic – most loves the doing of good deeds. About this the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “The best days in the world are the ten days.” [1]

Imaam Ibnul-Qayyim (d.751H) – rahimahullaah – said, “Indeed, its days are the most excellent of all the days with Allaah. And it has been confirmed in Saheehul-Bukhaaree (2/382), from Ibn ’Abbaas (radiyallaahu ’anhumaa) who said, that Allaah’s Messenger (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “There ore no days during which good deeds are more beloved to Allaah than these (ten) days.” He was then asked, ‘Not even jihaad in the path of Allaah?’ So he replied, “Not even jihaad in the path of Allaah, except for a person who goes out with his self and his wealth, and comes back with nothing.” And it is these ten days that Allaah has taken an oath by in His Book, by His saying,

“By the Dawn and by the Ten Nights.” [Sooratul-Fajr 89:1-2]

This is why it is recommended to increase in making takbeer (saying Allaahu akbar), tahleel (saying Laa ilaaha illallaah) and tamheed (saying Alhamdulillaah) during these days …”[2]

The Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “There are no days that are greater with Allaah, and in which good deeds are more beloved to Him, than these ten days. So increase in making tasbeeh (saying Subhaanallaah), tamheed, tahleel and takbeer, during them.”[3]

[1] Saheeh: Related by al-Bazzaar (1/234). It was authenticated by Shaykh al-Albaanee in Saheehul-Jaami’ (no. 1133).

[2] Refer to Zaadul-Ma’aad (1/56).

[3] Saheeh: Related by at-Tabaraanee in al-Kabeer (3/110/1) It was authenticated by al-Mundharee in at-Targheeb wat-Tarheeb (2/24).

The Hajj - A Poem by Imâm Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyyah Translated by Usama

The Hajj[1] - The Journey

By Him whose House the loving pilgrims visit,
Responding with ihram at the appointed limit,
Uncovering their heads in total humility
Before One to Whom faces bow in servility.
They exclaim in the valleys,
"We have responded to You -All Praise is Yours, and Kingdom too!"
He invited and they answered, with love and pleasure;
When they called upon Him, nearer came the Divine treasure.
You see them on their mounts, hair dusty and dishevelled,
Yet never more content, never happier have they felt;
Leaving homelands and families due to holy yearning,
Unmoved are they by temptations of returning.
Through plains and valleys, from near and far,
Walking and riding, in submission to Allah.
At the Ka’bah
When they see His House - that magnificent sight
For which the hearts of all creatures are set alight -
It seems they’ve never felt tired before,
For their discomfort and hardship is no more.
Now the eye of the Lover drowns in its streams,
It sees through its tears the goal of its dreams;
Now for Allah, how many tears are issued,
Each one being followed by a multitude?
When the eye perceives the House, its darkness clears,
And from the sorrowful heart, pain disappears;
Vision cannot encompass this beautiful sight:
Each glance returns with greater delight!
No wonder at this, for when the Merciful preferred
The House for Himself, it became most honoured.
He clothed it in Majesty, a magnificent garment;
Embroidered it with Beauty, a wonderful ornament!
The hearts all love the House therefore,
Awed and humbled, in respect and honour.
Now to ‘Arafat, hoping for Mercy and Forgiveness
From the One overflowing with Generosity and Kindness;
Now for Allah is that Magnificent Standing
Like, though lesser than, the Day of Reckoning.
The Irresistible draws near, His Majesty manifest,
Boasting to His angels, for He is the Mightiest,
"My slaves have come to Me so lovingly,
I’ll be Generous and Merciful, willingly.
I have forgiven their sins, – to this you are witness –
Fulfilled their hopes, and showered them with goodness.
" So joyous news! O people of that standing,
When sins are forgiven and Mercy is spreading;
How many slaves are set completely free?
Whilst others seek a cure, and heal will He.
Now Satan is never known to lose such face:
He’s blameworthy, rejected, in utter disgrace.
For he sees a matter that enrage him must:
He flees, slaps his face and covers it in dust!
Such Forgiveness he never did seeAs granted by the Lord, and such Mercy!
He built his edifice from every temptation available
Till he thought it was complete, unassailable;
Then Allah struck his building at its very foundation,
So it fell upon him, tumbling in devastation;
What worth has his structure, this evil ploy,
That he does build, and the Lord does destroy?
Muzdalifah & Mina
Now to Muzdalifah, to spend the night
In the Sacred Area, then Prayer at first light;
Now on to the Great Pillar, which they need
To stone at the time of the Prayer of ‘Id;
Now to their tents for the sacrifice prepared,
Reviving the tradition of a Father revered.
If sacrificing themselves were Allah’s demand,
They would respond, submitting to the command;
Just as they’d expose their necks in Jihad
To Allah’s enemies, till these stream with blood;
They discipline themselves, presenting the head for a shave:
Bringing humility and happiness to the obedient slave.
The Tawaf of Ifadah/Ziyarah
So when they’ve removed those natural growths,
Completed their rites, and fulfilled their oaths,
He invites them again to visit His House:
What honour and welcome this visit allows!
By Allah, they visit it in so much splendour,
Receiving their rewards and plenty of honour;
There Allah bestows Grace, Favour and Kindness,
Showing Generosity, Mercy and Forgiveness.
Then they return to Mina, each to his tent,
Every minute wish is granted, and they are content;
They stay there a day, then another, then a third,
They’re allowed to depart early, but to stay is preferred;
They stone the pillars daily after the sun’s decline,
With a slogan of Takbir in the presence of the Divine!
If only you could see their standing there:
Palms outstretched, hoping for Mercy’s share!
"O Lord! O Lord! Knowing as You do
That we hope for no-one, only You!
Then grant our wish, O You All-Knowing,
We pray for Your Mercy overflowing."
The Farewell Tawaf
When they’ve achieved at Mina all their gains,
Once more they fill the valleys and plains:
To the Ka’bah, the Sacred House, by the end of the day,
To circle it seven times, and then to Pray.
When departure nears and they are certain
That the bond of proximity is about to loosen,
There’s only a last stand for a final farewell:
Now for Allah are the eyes that swell,
And for Allah are the heavy hearts that turn
Into cauldrons of desire where fire does burn;
And the passionate sighs whose heat so vigorous
Nearly melts the Lover, ecstatic, rapturous!
Now you see those bewildered, perplexed in the throng,
Whilst others chant their sorrowful song:
"I depart, but there remains for You my yearning,
My fire of grief is raging and burning;
I bid farewell, but longing pulls my reins -
My heart is encamped in Your eternal plains!"
No blame today for saying what you feel:
No blame for expressing what you used to conceal!
(1) Taken from: Awdah al-Masalik ila Ahkam al-Manasik by 'Abd al-'Aziz al-Muhammad al-Salman, Riyadh, 12th edition, 1403 H, pp. 265-272.

Rendered into English, with apologies for not doing justice to the Arabic original, by Usama Hasan. Many thanks to 'Abd al-Rahman al-Helbawy and Shaykh Suhaib Hasan for their help with some difficult words.

The best kinds of animals for udhiyah

What are the best animals for udhiyah – camels, sheep or cows?.

Praise be to Allaah.  

The best type of animals for udhiyah are: camels, then cows – if sacrificed on behalf of one person; then sheep; then goats; then one-seventh of a camel; then one-seventh of a cow. The best type of animals are those which are fat and have more meat, and are physically complete and good looking. 

In Saheeh al-Bukhaari it is narrated from Anas ibn Maalik (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to sacrifice two horned rams that were white speckled with black. 

It was narrated that Abu Sa’eed al-Khudri (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) sacrificed a whole (i.e., not castrated), horned male sheep, with a black face and black (circles) round the eyes, and black legs. This was narrated by the four. Al-Tirmidhi said, it is hasan saheeh; it was also classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Abi Dawood, 2796. 

It was narrated that Abu Raafi’ the freed slave of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: When the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) offered a sacrifice, he would buy two fat rams. According to one version, castrated rams. Narrated by Ahmad, classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Ibn Maajah, 3122. 

Fat means an animal that has a lot of fat and meat. Castrated means one that has had its testicles removed – this is usually better than an uncastrated animal with regard to the taste of the meat, but the uncastrated animal is more complete in a physical sense. 

These are the best kinds of sacrifice with regard to type and characteristics. 

With regard to those that are makrooh, they are as follows: 

1-     Those who have had one half or more of their ears or horns cut off.

2-     Those whose ears have been slit crosswise from the front.

3-     Those whose ears have been slit crosswise from the back.

4-     Those whose ears have been slit lengthwise.

5-     Those whose ears have had a hole made in them.

6-     Those whose ears have been cut until the ear channel is visible; or it was said that the same [Arabic] word means those that are so emaciated that there is no marrow in their bones.

7-     Those whose horns have been removed entirely.

8-     Those that are completely blind even though the eyes are still present.

9-     Those which do not follow the flock and join it unless they are herded and driven to do so. 

These are the animals that it is makrooh to sacrifice, as narrated in the ahaadeeth which forbid sacrificing those that have these faults or enjoin avoiding such animals. This is understood as meaning that it is makrooh, when these reports are taken in conjunction with the hadeeth of al-Bara’ ibn ‘Aazib (may Allaah be pleased with him) who said: The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) was asked, “What should be avoided in the sacrificial animals?” He gestured with his hand and said, “Four: a lame animal which is obviously lame, a one-eyed animal whose defect is obvious, a sick animal whose sickness is obvious, and an emaciated animal that no one would choose.” Narrated by Maalik in al-Muwatta’

Animals with similar faults are also added to this list, so it is makrooh to sacrifice the following kinds of animals: 

1-     Camels, cattle and goats that have had half or more of their tails cut off.

2-     Those which have had less than half of their fat tails cut off. If half or more has been cut off, then according to the majority of scholars it is unsuitable for sacrifice. If it was born that way, however, there is nothing wrong with it.

3-     An animal whose penis has been cut off.

4-     An animal that has lost some of its teeth, whether incisors or molars. But if it was born like that it is not makrooh to sacrifice it.

5-     An animal whose teats have been cut off. But if it was born like that it is not makrooh to sacrifice it. If its milk has stopped flowing but its teats are intact, there is nothing wrong with it.

 If these five are added to the nine mentioned above, the number of makrooh animals reaches fourteen.

Risaalat Ahkaam al-Audhiyah wa’l-Dhakaah by Shaykh Muhammad ibn ‘Uthyameen.

The days of Tashreeq (3 days afer Eid) -*Special*


What are the days of Tashreeq? What is special about them and distinguishes them from other days?.


Praise be to Allaah.  

The days of Tashreeq are the 11th, 12th and 13th of Dhu’l-Hijjah. There are several verses and ahaadeeth which speak of their virtue: 

1 – Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): 

“And remember Allaah during the appointed Days”

[al-Baqarah 2:203] 

These are the days of Tashreeq. This was the view of Ibn ‘Umar and most of the scholars. 

2 – The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said concerning the days of Tashreeq: “They are days of eating, drinking and remembering Allaah.” Dhikr (remembering Allaah) is enjoined during the days of tashreeq in several ways: 

-         Remembering Allaah immediately after the prescribed prayers by reciting Takbeer. This is prescribed until the end of the days of Tashreeq according to the majority of scholars.

-         Remembering Him by saying Bismillaah and Allaahu akbar when slaughtering the sacrificial animal. The time for slaughtering the hadiy and udhiyah lasts until the end of days of Tashreeq.

-         Remembering Allaah when eating and drinking. It is prescribed when eating and drinking to say Bismillaah at the beginning, and to praise Him (say Al-hamdu Lillaah) at the end. According to the hadeeth narrated from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him): “Allaah likes His slave when he eats something to praise Him for it, and when he drinks something to praise Him for it.” Narrated by Muslim, 2734.

-         Remembering Him by saying Takbeer when stoning the Jamaraat on the days of Tashreeq. This applies only to the pilgrims on Hajj.

-         Remembering Allaah in general. It is mustahabb to make a lot of dhikr during the days of Tashreeq. ‘Umar used to recite Takbeer in Mina in his tent, and when the people heard him they recited Takbeer too and Mina echoed with the sound of their Takbeer. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“So when you have accomplished your Manaasik [rituals of Hajj], remember Allaah as you remember your forefathers or with a far more remembrance. But of mankind there are some who say: “Our Lord! Give us (Your Bounties) in this world!” and for such there will be no portion in the Hereafter.

201. And of them there are some who say: “Our Lord! Give us in this world that which is good and in the Hereafter that which is good, and save us from the torment of the Fire!””

[al-Baqarah 2:200-201] 

Many of the salaf regarded it as mustahabb to make a lot of du’aa’ during the days of tashreeq. 

The words of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), “These are days of eating, drinking and remembering Allaah” indicate that eating and drinking during the days of Eid are means that help one to remember Allaah and obey Him; perfect gratitude for the blessing means using it to help one obey and worship Allaah, 

In His Book Allaah commands us to eat of good things and thank Him for them. So whoever uses Allaah’s blessings to commit sin is showing ingratitude for the blessing of Allaah, so he deserves to have it taken away from him. 

3 – The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) forbade fasting on these days: “Do not fast on these days, for they are the days of eating, drinking and remembering Allaah.” Narrated by Ahmad, 10286; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in al-Silsilah al-Saheehah, 3573.

 See Lataa’if al-Ma’aarif by Ibn Rajab, p. 500.

 O Allaah, help us to do righteous deeds and make us steadfast until death; have mercy on us, O Most Generous Giver. Praise be to Allaah, the Lord of the World.




1-  Have you not ever wished to performHajj? Do you not want your sins forgiven? Do you not wish to be sinless as on the day your mother gave birth to you? Imagine this great bounty, about which the Prophet, sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), said:“Whoever performs Hajj and does not commit any obscenity nor commit any evil, will return as sinless as a new-born child.”[Al-Bukhaari and Muslim]
2-  Do you want to have a great reward and limitless bounty, in addition to experiencing what no ear has ever heard, no eye has ever seen and no heart has ever imagined? Certainly yes; then, contemplate theHadeeth(narration) in which the Prophet, sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), said:“(The performance of) ‘Umrah is an expiation for the sins committed between it and the previous ‘Umrah; and the reward of Hajj Mabroor (i.e., an accepted Hajj) is nothing but Paradise.”[Al-Bukhaari and Muslim]
3-  Do you not want to be rich? Then, listen to the Prophet, sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), who said:“Make Hajj and ‘Umrah follow each other closely, for they remove poverty and sins as a blacksmith's bellows removes impurities from iron.”[Ibn Maajah; Al-Albaani:Saheeh]
4-  Do you want to be among the best of all people on earth and draw closer to Allaah The Exalted through doing good deeds? Then, contemplate the answer of the Prophet, sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), when he was asked,"Which deed is the best?''He replied:"Faith in Allaah and His Messenger.''Then he was asked,"What is next?''He replied:"Jihaad (holy fighting) in the cause of Allaah.''Then he was asked,"What is after that?''He replied:"Hajj Mabroor (an accepted pilgrimage).”[An-Nasaa’i; Al-Albaani:Saheeh]
5-  Dear sister, do you not want to be granted the reward ofJihaad? Do you not want to have the highest rewards from The Creator of the heavens and the earth? Our mother ‘Aa’ishah may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  herasked the Prophet, sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ),“O Messenger of Allaah! We consider Jihaad as the best deed, should we not, then, go for Jihaad?''The Messenger, sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), said:"The best and most beautiful Jihaad for you (women) is Hajj Mabroor (i.e., one accepted by Allaah) and then abide in your houses.''She added, “After hearing that from the Prophet sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention )I can never leave Hajj.”[Al-Bukhaari]
The Prophet, sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), also said:“Pilgrimage is the Jihaad for the old, the weak, and the women."[An-Nasaa’i; Al-Albaani:Hasan]
6-  Do you not want to worship Allaah The Almighty with all the other creatures and be a reason for making the whole universe worship Allaah The Almighty? The Prophet, sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), said:“No Muslim raises his voice with Talbiyah without all on his right and left of stones, or trees, or clods of earth, doing the same till the earth is traversed on both sides.”[At-Tirmithi; Al-Albaani:Saheeh]
7-  Do you not want to be emancipated from Hell and have all your sins forgiven and good deeds multiplied? The Prophet, sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), said:“If anyone goes round this House for a week and counts his circuits, it will be like setting free a slave….no one will place one foot on the ground and raise the other without Allaah removing a sin from him on account of it and recording a blessing for him on account of it.”[At-Tirmithi; Al-Albaani:Saheeh]
‘Ubayd bin ‘Umayr may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  himsaid,“Ibn ‘Umar used to press towards the two corners in a manner in which I had not seen any of the companions of the Messenger of Allaah sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention )press. He said, "If I do so, it is because I heard the Messenger of Allaah sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention )say that stroking them is an atonement for sins….”[At-Tirmithi; Al-Albaani:Saheeh]
8-  Do you not like to draw closer to Allaah The Almighty and enjoy the bliss of being a close friend of The Lord?{And if the deceased was of those brought near to Allaah * Then [for him is] rest and bounty and a garden of pleasure.}[Quran 56:89] ‘
The Prophet, sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), said:“There is no day when Allaah sets free more servants from Hell Fire than the Day of ‘Arafah. He draws near, then praises them to the angels, saying: What do they seek?”[Muslim]
9-  Do you not want to have your supplication answered? The Prophet, sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), said:“The one who is performing Hajj and the one who is performing ‘Umrah are the guests of Allaah; He invited them and they responded; then they asked Him and He gave them what they asked for.”[Al-Bazzaar; Al-Albaani: Hasan]
10-              Is it possible that you can be satisfied with deprivation?
Allaah, the Almighty, Says in aQudsi Hadeeth(sacred narration):“The slave whom I have endowed with a healthy body and well-being and then five years pass without him visiting Me, is truly deprived.”[Ibn Hibbaan; Al-Albaani:Saheeh]

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