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On the reality of gratitude and its position with the salaf - Sheikh Abdurrazzaq

We will discuss here the foundation of shukr and its reality and the Salafus-Saalih’s (rahimahumullaah) references to its status. As for the foundation of shukr and its reality then it is admitting to the blessings from the Benefactor along with humility and love:

Whoever does not know the blessings that have been bestowed is ignorant of them and is not grateful for those blessings. Whoever knows the blessings but does not know the Benefactor of those blessings is also not grateful. Whoever knows the blessings that have been bestowed and the Benefactor of those blessings yet rejects the blessings, just as one who rejects the blessings of the Benefactor, has disbelieved in them. whoever knows the blessings that have been bestowed and knows the Benefactor of those blessings and accepts them without rejecting them however is not humble to the Benefactor and neither loves nor is pleased with the Benefactor of those blessings has also not been grateful for those blessings that have been bestowed on him. Whoever knows the blessings that have been bestowed, along with knowing the Benefactor of those blessings, and is humble, loving and pleased with the Benefactor of the blessings and uses those blessings in ways which show his love and obedience to the Benefactor – it one who is grateful for those blessings.(Ibn ul-Qayyim, Tareeq ul-Hijratayn, p.175 )

So with this it is clear that shukr is based on five rules: humility of the thankful one towards the one being thanked; love of the one being thanked (i.e. Allaah); admitting his blessings that He has bestowed; praising Him for bestowing those blessings; not using those blessings for things that He hates. These five are the basis of shukr and what shukr is built upon, so if one of these rules is not found then the rules of shukr have become shaken. Shukr is with the heart, tongue and limbs. It is with the heart by having humility,tranquillity and love, it is with the tongue by praising Allaah and admitting His blessings, and it is by the limbs by obedience.(Ibn ul-Qayyim, Madaarij us-Saalikeen, vol.2, p.246)

Ibn Abee Dunyaa reported in his book ash-Shukr that a man said to Abee Haazim Salamah ibn Deenaar: “What is the shukr of the eyes O Abaa Haazim?” Abu Haazim said: “That you see good with them and proclaim that and if you see evil with them you hide that.” Then the man said: “What is the shukr of the ears?” Aboo Haazim said “That you hear good with them and you pay attention to that and that you hear evil with them and pay no attention to that.” Then the man asked: “What is the shukr of the hands?” Aboo Haazim said: “That they do not take what does not belong to them and that they do not withhold the rights of Allaah.” Then the man asked “What is the shukr of the private parts?” He replied: As Allaah says,
“And they who guard their private parts. Except from their wives or those their right hands possess, for indeed, they will not be blamed.” {al-Mu’minoon (23): 5-7}”

As for the one who is grateful with his tongue but does not show gratitude with the rest of his limbs then this resembles a man who has a coat yet does not wear it, as a result it is does not benefit him from the heat, cold, frost and snow. The blessings of Allaah on the servant in his speech, hands, feet and entire body are limitless and all of them necessitate gratitude to the Benefactor.

’AbdurRahmaan bin Zayd Ibn Aslam (rahimahullaah) said: Shukr takes the firmness of praise, its foundation and its branches, in this way then one should look at the blessing of Allaah in his body, hearing, vision, hands, feet, legs and what’s besides this, as there is nothing in all of these except for the blessings of Allaah. It is the right of the servant to act on the blessings that Allaah has given him in his body in the form of obedience to Allaah. Likewise, in regards to other blessings such as provision, the servant (of Allaah) has to act on this blessing in the form of obedience to Allaah. So whoever acts on this has taken a firm hold of praise, its foundation and its branches.(Ibn Abee Dunyaa, ash-Shukr, no.157)

From the blessings of Allaah on his servant is what Allaah has given the person from good health in hearing, seeing and all of the body. Also in what Allaah has blessed the person with in terms of good dwelling and good health then all of that necessitates shukr and praise.


Taken from the book :

On virtues of gratitude by Sheikh Abdurrazzaq 

Last modified onTuesday, 16 May 2017 17:29
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