Paganism Ruled the Ancient Civilizations
The history of the mankind is sorrowful. Ever since Adam
May Peace be upon him, and his children descended on
earth, as time went by and civilizations flourished and generations rose on the remains of others, humans have been a motley mixture. If one day they are on the right track, they are lost for days soon after, and if they see the light of truth once,then the darkness of falsehood engulfs them many times (thereafter). If we were to scrutinize the history of the mankind in the light of belief in Allah and preparation for the Hereafter, we should find the world closely resembling a drunkard whose periods of drunkenness exceed his sobriety, or a sick man who is delirious and does not know what he says.
□ Although in experiences with themselves and their world,there are men's many deterrents from committing evil and many incentives to do good, but overwhelming passion cannot be subdued by knowledge alone.
□ How much of the world's life expired before the appearance of Muhammad(Sallalaahu alaihiwasallam) Many centuries brought a wealth of experience and knowledge and encouraged the
growth of the arts and sciences, philosophies and ideas. In spite of that, however, frivolity became the rule and many- nations fell without achieving the status to which they aspired.
□ Look at the fate of the civilizations of Egypt and Greece, India and China, Persia and Rome. I do not mean their fate from the political point of view, but from the aspect of feelings and reason. Contemptible paganism destroyed them and made them fall into this miserable pit. And the human being, whom Allah appointed as His superior vicegerent in the heavens and on the earth, became a slave subservient to the lowliest thing in these places. What else could there be after cows and calves are hallowed, wood and stones are worshipped? Entire nations became polluted with such perversions. Paganism comes from within the self and not from the environment. Just as sad people apply their feelings to their surroundings and frightened people imagine objects to be ghosts, similarly deformed personalities will apply their stupidity and sterility to their surroundings, and deify the stones and the animals.
□ Only when the small heart widens, the dormant thought awakens and people return to their lofty ideals, these pagan impressions will disappear automatically. Thus, the first work for the faith is within men and women themselves, for it is of no benefit in the fight against paganism simply to slaughter the holy cows and smash the proud idols while hearts remain in their previous darkness. The worshippers will just search for other gods to bow before and make offerings. There are many pagans in this world, though they have never met over an altar, and how quickly they ignore the real presence of their Lord and run after some new illusion.
□ Superstition does not follow its course in life by announcing its falsehood and exposing its nonsense. It conceals its shamelessness with the clothing of earnestness. It borrows the accepted wear of truth and may even adopt some of its premises and conclusions before adorning itself for the gullible. This is how paganism acts. It attacks the true religion and its plain realities, not as the bee attacks the flowers of spring, but as the worms break down and waste a fertile soil. Or locusts attack the luxurious gardens and turn them into barren wastelands. Now, if it corrupts what it leaves, then it will not correct what it takes, and if what it takes was good before it reached it. then it will become harmful after it has been turned into poison in its stomach. This is the secret why paganism, which does not know Allah , claims to come closer to Him and seek His pleasure through its idols: a portion of truth in portions of falsehood, in a context which definitely diverts people from Allah and removes them from Allah's presence.
□ The greatest catastrophe which befell the religions on account of the pagan attack on them was the terrible changes affecting the religion of Isa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary). They turned its day into darkness and its peace into distress; they turned unity into idolatry, degraded the human race and hung its upliftment on a sacrifice. They turned the ideology of Jesus into a hotchpotch of unnatural beliefs, myths and legends. The myth of the Trinity and redemption was revived after early paganism succeeded in thrusting it upon the new Christianity. In this way it gained two victories: it strengthened itself and it led others astray. Thus when the sixth century of the Christian era arrived, the lights of guidance throughout the world had gone out and Satan was traversing the vast expanses of land, admiring the thorns he had planted and seeing how sturdy they had grown.
□ Magianism in Persia was stubborn vanguard of the widespread idolatry in China, India, the Arab countries and all parts of the ignorant globe. Christianity, which vehemently opposed it, borrowed most prominent characteristics feature the myths of the ancient Indians and Egyptians. It ascribed a wife and a child to Allah (subhanawathala) and seduced its followers in Rome, Egypt and Constantinople with a kind of polytheism more advanced than that of the fire-worshippers and the idol-worshippers: a polytheism mixed with monotheism and fighting pure polytheism! What is the value of these contradictions which Christianity collected together?
(They [Jews, Christians and pagans] say: "Allah has begotten a son [children]." Glory is to Him! He is Rich [Free of all needs]. His is all that Is in the heavens and all that Is in the earth. No warrant you have for this. Do you say against Allah what you know not. Say: "Verily, those who invent a He against Allah will never be successful" [A brief] enjoyment in this world! And then unto Us will be their return, then We shall make them taste the severest torment because they used to disbelieve in Allah, belief.His Messengers, deny and challenge His Ayaath[proofs, signs, verses, etc]. ) (Qur'an 10: 68-70)
□ It seems that the bond of polytheism which linked the pagan religions to the distorted heavenly religions is what made them allies in the bid to destroy the Muslims from the day the latter began establishing their community on the basis of the worship of the One True God. Allah (Subhanawatha’la) cautioned this Ummah on the persecution which would befall them from the idol-worshipers and from the People of the Book at the same time, and He advised them to fortify themselves with patience and steadfastness in the face of this intolerance:
(Assuredly you will be tried in your property and in your persons, and you will hear much wrong from those who were given the Scripture before you, and from the Idolaters. But if you persevere
and ward off evil], then that is of the steadfast heart of things.)
□ The darkness which engulfed the hearts and minds in the absence of the lights of tawhed contained in it also traditions of society and the systems of government. Thus the earth was a den
haunted by murder and destruction where the weak had no hope of peace and tranquillity. And what good could be expected from paganism which rejected reason, forgot Allah and yielded to the hands of imposters?
□ It would not be strange if Allah refused to help them, as the HadiTth says:
"Allah verily looked at the people on earth and detested them all. both Arabs and non-Arabs except some remnants of the People of the Book/' (From a long HadiTth narrated by Muslim)
It was these remains which were impenetrable by polytheism in spile of the tidal wave of unbelief which flooded the hills and valleys. Before the prophethood of Muhammad (Sallalaahu alaihiwasallam) the world was drowned in confusion and misery which weighed heavily on people's shoulders.
You came, while the people were in chaos: if you had passed by them you would have seen them worshipping idol upon idol.
The king of Rome oppressed his people and the king of Persia was deaf and blind from pride.
Finally Allah announced that He would wipe out these traces and send His choicest guidance to creation.
will be continued inshaAllah.......
- Published in Sunnah